DIZENGOFF, MEIR

DIZENGOFF, MEIR (1861–1936), a founder and first mayor of tel aviv . Born in Akimovici, near Orgeyev, Bessarabia, he was active in Russian revolutionary circles in his youth, and was arrested in 1885. Later he became active in the Ḥovevei Zion movement. During the late 1880s he studied chemical engineering in France, specializing in glass production. He was   sent to Ereẓ Israel in 1892 by Baron Edmond de Rothschild to establish a glass factory at Tantura (Dor) which was to supply bottles for the wines produced in the settlements. However, the factory was closed in 1894 when it became clear that the local sand was unsuitable. During his stay in Ereẓ Israel Dizengoff, together with others, tried to form a Jewish workers' organization. Returning to Russia in 1897, he settled in Odessa, went into business, and became active in the Zionist movement. He participated in Zionist Congresses and was among the opponents of the Uganda Scheme. Dizengoff was a founder of the Geulah Company, formed in 1904 to purchase land in Ereẓ Israel. As director of the company he returned to Ereẓ Israel in 1905 and settled in Jaffa. Dizengoff was one of the founders of the Ahuzat Bayit Company for establishing a modern Jewish quarter near Jaffa. This quarter, later called Tel Aviv, was founded in 1909. In 1911 Dizengoff was elected head of the local council. Later, when Tel Aviv became a city (1921), Dizengoff was elected its first mayor and, except during 1925–28, served in that capacity until the end of his life. At the outbreak of World War I, Dizengoff headed a committee that assisted war sufferers and refugees. However, the Turkish authorities expelled him to Damascus, where he remained until the conquest of northern Palestine by the British at the end of 1918. In 1919 Dizengoff founded Ha-Ezraḥ ("The Citizen"), a first attempt at the political organization of the non-labor middle class. He was a member of the Zionist executive during 1927–29 and ran its trade and industry department. He donated his house on Tel Aviv's Rothschild Boulevard for the establishment of the Tel Aviv Museum in his wife Zina's name. Upon the outbreak of the Arab riots in 1936 Dizengoff urged that government offices be opened in Tel Aviv and succeeded in establishing a separate port at Tel Aviv independent of Jaffa and its port. Dizengoff published his memoirs, Im Tel Aviv ba-Golah ("With Tel Aviv in Exile"), in 1931. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Yaari-Poleskin, M. Dizengoff (Heb., 1926); D. Smilansky, Im Benei Dori (1942), 89–107; Tidhar, 2 (1948), 794–6; M. Smilansky, Mishpaḥat ha-Adamah, 2 (1944), 180–7. (Yehuda Slutsky)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Dizengoff, Meir — (1861–1936)    First mayor of Tel Aviv. One day in 1909, sixty Jewish families marched out of crowded, noisome Arab Jaffa to the barren sand dunes north of the railway line. There they heard their leader Meir Dizengoff, in a fine flight of… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Dizengoff, Meir — (1861 1937)    Politician of Russian origin. He was born in Bessarabia. He became active in Russian revolutionary circles and later in the Hovevei Zion movement. In 1892 he was sent by Baron Edmond de Rothschild to establish a bottle factory in… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Meir Dizengoff — (Hebrew: מאיר דיזנגוף‎, Russian: Меер Янкелевич Дизенгоф, 25 February 1861 23 September 1936) was a Zionist politician and the first mayor of Tel Aviv. Contents …   Wikipedia

  • Meïr Dizengoff — Meir Dizengoff מאיר דיזנגוף Meir Dizengoff, en 1910 Naissance 25 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Meir Dizengoff — Meïr Dizengoff Meïr Dizengoff (מאיר דיזנגוף), né en 1861 en Bessarabie, est l un des pionniers du mouvement des Amants de Sion . Homme d affaires reconnu, il fonde de nombreuses institutions financières publiques, et devient le premier maire de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dizengoff — Meïr Dizengoff Meïr Dizengoff (מאיר דיזנגוף), né en 1861 en Bessarabie, est l un des pionniers du mouvement des Amants de Sion . Homme d affaires reconnu, il fonde de nombreuses institutions financières publiques, et devient le premier maire de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dizengoff 99 — Directed by Avi Nesher Produced by Arnon Milchan David Shapira Roni Yaakov Written by …   Wikipedia

  • Meir Dizengoff — (1910) Meir Dizengoff (auch: Meir Diesengoff; * 25. Februar 1861 in Bessarabien; † 23. September 1936 in Tel Aviv) war Ingenieur und Kaufmann und Mitbegründer und erster und langjähriger Bürgermeister Tel Avivs. 1892 gründete er eine von Baron… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dizengoff Street — in 2006 before a street party. Dizengoff Street (Hebrew: רחוב דיזנגוף‎, Rehov Dizengoff) is a major street in central Tel Aviv, named after Tel Aviv s first mayor, Meir Dizengoff. The street runs from the corner of Ibn Gabirol Street in its… …   Wikipedia

  • Dizengoff Center — northern facade Location Tel Aviv, Israel Opening date 1983 Architect Mordechai Ben Horin …   Wikipedia

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